How to Practice Sight Reading Piano Music
If you want to improve your piano playing skills, you must learn how to sight read sheet music. Sight reading is the act of playing a new song by just reading the music. Before you can start sight reading, you'll need to know how to read sheet music and understand basic music theory. If you perform drills and hone your music reading skills, you'll be able to perform almost any song that's put in front of you!
Purchase simple sheet music that you're unfamiliar with.Simple sheet music includes children's songs, holiday carols, and simple classical songs.You can purchase beginner sheet music at a music store or online. Get a bunch of different examples so that you have a lot of material to practice with.
- You can find simple sheet music from a piano book for beginners.
- Simple or beginner songs include "Amazing Grace," "Ode to Joy," and "Waltz."
- Once you can sight read simple songs, you’ll be able to move onto more complex material.
Practice reading sheet music for 20 minutes a day.Before you can start sight reading, you’ll need to memorize the positions of notes on the staff so you can read the music without having to reference other materials. Read sheet music with a cheat sheet next to you at first so you can get used to reading notes. Eventually, you'll be able to read music much faster, which will help you play new pieces of music.
- On the treble staff, the notes on the lines, from bottom to top, are E, G, B, D, F. You can memorize this by remembering the mnemonic device "Every Good Boy Does Fine."
- On the treble staff, the notes in between the spaces, from bottom to top, are F, A, C, E.
- Going through a number of different songs during each practice session will hone your music reading skills.
Say the notes out loud as you read the sheet music.Eventually, you'll need to incorporate the rhythm to play the music, but this exercise can help with your note memorization skills. Say the notes out loud while ignoring the rhythm until you're able to read the music faster.
Download apps or visit websites to do more sight training drills.Apps and interactive games can help you hone your sight reading skills. Download sight reading apps and go through the modules. Look for programs that allow you to print out sheet music and software that has piano-specific drills.
- Popular apps include Sight Reading Mastery, Music Tutor, and NoteWorks.
in the same key that the music is in.Find the key signature by looking to the right of the clef on the piece of music you plan on sight reading. Then, play the major and minor scales in that key. This will help you get acclimated to the area of the piano that you’ll be playing in.
- Search beginner piano books and piano lesson websites to learn the 12 major scales.
- The C major scale is one of the most common scales. Its note sequence is C, D, E, F, G, A, B, and C.
Approaching Sheet Music
Stick to a single clef when you practice.The treble and bass clef are the most widely used clefs in sheet music. The position of the notes on the sheet music are different depending on the clef. Become good at sight reading music that uses one clef before moving onto a different clef.
- The treble clef looks like 🎼, while the bass clef looks like an apostrophe.
- From bottom to top, the notes on a treble clef staff are E, G, B, D, and F.
- From bottom to top, the notes on a bass clef staff are G, B, D, F, and A.
Study the music before you play it.As you read the music, imagine the melody and rhythms in your head. Take a couple of minutes and locate areas that are difficult to play. Difficult parts may include quick transitions or a series of notes that you're not used to playing. Knowing when certain beats or parts are coming up will help you play more fluidly. Make a notation on the sheet music before these parts come up or try to memorize the flow of the song so that you can prepare for difficult sections.
- You can also listen to the song to give you an idea of how it should sound.
Tap your foot while reading the music to understand the rhythm.Half notes, whole notes, and quarter notes will provide the rhythm for the song. Before playing the song, practice clapping or tapping the rhythm. This will help you understand the rhythm of the music before you try to play it.
- For instance, a whole note is four beats long. Count to four and tap your foot every time you say "one." This is how long you should hold a whole note.
- A half note is two beats long. Count to two, and tap your foot every time you say "one."
- Quarter notes are one beat. Tap your foot four times over four seconds to copy the rhythm of four quarter notes playing in a row.
Set the music in front of you and sit at your piano.If the music is longer than one page, open the pages so that you can see both pages at the same time. Use pieces that are two pages or shorter so that you don’t have to flip through the pages as you play.
Touch the black keys to correctly position your hands.If you know where the notes on the piano are without looking at your hands, it’ll make sight reading much easier. Glide your hand across the keys and feel for the black keys. If you need to play a C, D, or E, feel for the group of two black keys. If you need to play an A, B, F, or G, feel for the group of three black keys.
- This exercise will build up your muscle memory so that you know where to position your hands while you play.
Playing Sheet Music
Play each note slowly when you first start sight reading.Take your time and play each note in the sheet music. Play deliberately and get used to playing off the sheet music. Once you're more comfortable, you can pick up the speed in which you play.
Read two notes ahead as you play the music.Once you get the notes down, you can start concentrating on rhythm. Always try to read ahead so that you know what comes next, even if you miss a note here or there. This is especially important if you have to flip to the next page. As you get better at sight reading, try to read several notes or beats ahead of what you're playing.
- You'll know that you're ready to read ahead when you can comfortably sit in front of a new piece of music and follow along with the notes as you play.
Play the piece all the way through without stopping.Skip over the notes that you missed and try to get back on the rhythm. Continue to follow the sheet music with your eyes as you play.
Keep your eyes on the music and don’t look down at your hands.Feel for the keys to ensure that your hands are in the right position. Use your hearing to recognize if you're off-key rather than looking down at your hands.
Ignore more complex note commands until you feel comfortable.The slower you go, the more time you’ll have to hit each key and the more accurate you'll be as you sight read. On the music, there may be tempo markings telling you to drastically change your rhythm. Ignore these markings until you're proficient at sight reading.In addition to these markings, there may also be a notation above each note called an articulation. You should also ignore these.
- Tempo markings will often be found on the top and to the left of the notes.
- Some complex tempo markings include allegro (brisk), presto (very fast), moderato (moderately fast), grave (slow/solemn), and lento (slow).
- A small dot above the note is called a staccato and signifies that the note should be shorter in duration. This is an example of articulation.
- A slur is an articulation that looks like a curved line written above the notes. When you see this articulation it means that you shouldn't put any beats or spaces in between the notes.
Play another piece of sheet music.Once you're done playing the first piece of music, switch to a different piece and start the process over. Don't go back and try to play the first piece perfectly because that builds muscle memory, not sight reading skills.
QuestionIs 66 too late to improve sight reading?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIt's never too late to become better. Sight reading is a skill that can be improved, regardless of age.Thanks!
QuestionShould I look at my fingers or my sheet the most?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYour sheet. Try not to look at your hands that much, only if needed. It's a good habit to start when you first begin to play the piano.Thanks!
QuestionHow can I get better at it?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerPractice more and challenge yourself as you learn. It's important not to compare yourself to others as well.Thanks!
QuestionWill this help me get a good mark for my exam?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIf you mean your graded music exam then yes, sight reading is one of the four skills tested (three practised pieces, scales, aural and sight reading).Thanks!
QuestionHow do you learn to sight read difficult songs?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerLearn more challenging songs the same way you learned basic ones. It will take more practice, and quite possibly a slower tempo, but eventually it will be just as easy.Thanks!
QuestionMy problem is that I find it hard to read both hands at the same time. Is there a way to learn how to read so much in one glance, to take in such a big spot with one's eyesight?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerStart with just one note in each hand, then build to two notes in one hand, two notes in each hand etc. As with learning the piano itself, it takes practice, and time. Learning the theory of harmony can also help, as you can anticipate the likely notes, then reading becomes either confirmation, or noticing the differences from what is expected.Thanks!
QuestionWhat is a tone and semitone?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerA tone is two semitones. If you picture the notes C, C# and D on the piano, you have two white keys with a black key in between. if you move from C to C#, then you have moved a semitone, and if you move from C# to D, then you have also moved a semitone. If you move from C to D, then you have moved a tone, which is two semitones.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I know when to change octaves on the piano?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerThis depends on whether there is an octave sign above the notes to indicate this. It also depends on whether the octave sign is pointing upwards or downwards at the end of the long broken lines. At the end of the octave line (usually broken or indicated by 8va for one octave and 15 for two octaves) is where the instruction to play an octave higher or lower ends. After this, you must go back to where you were originally playing. Sometimes the word loco is used to mean one should return to the original playing position as the notes require.Thanks!
QuestionHow do I play guitar on the keyboard?Top AnswererIt is a bit difficult to play the guitar using a keyboard as there are totally different techniques for both. Just using the piano to help you tune your guitar and maybe identify notes and chords is all the help you could expect. Conversely, using a guitar to help play a keyboard is more useless.Thanks!
QuestionWhen should I start playing both hands together?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerOnce you've learned both hands and can fluidly play each, you should be able to start playing them both together.Thanks!
How do I know which octave to play in when sight reading piano music?
What is written above the staff when reading piano music?
How can I derive the tone from note?
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